Four aeroplanes were hijacked by members of Al Qaeda. Two were crashed into the two towers of the World Trade Center in New York, one was crashed into the Pentagon in Washington and the fourth crashed into a field in Pennsylvania after the hijackers were overpowered by passengers. A total of 2,993 people were killed in the attack.
This was a series of American and British air strikes on Kabul, Jalalabad and Kandahar in Afghanistan. The air strikes targeted Taliban strongholds.
Al-Qaeda leader and architect of the 9-11 attacks, Osama Bin Laden, was almost captured during this battle, but escaped to Pakistan.
19 people were killed and more than 30 injured after Al-Quaeda bombed the Ghriba Synagogue in Tunisia.
31 people were killed and 47 injured after an attack on a tourist bus in India by members of Islamist terror group, Lashkar-e-Taiba.
A bomb exploded on the island of Bali killed 202 people and injuring 209. The explosion was carried out by Muslim extremists linked to al-Qaeda.
Al-Quaeda terrorists carried out attacks on Mombasa, Kenya. A truck full of explosives crashed into the Paradise Hotel killing 13 and injuring 80 people. meanwhile an Arikia Boeing Israeli plane was fired at. It returned to Israel unharmed.
United States, British, Australian and Polish troops invaded Iraq following reports that the country were making weapons of mass destruction. Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, called for a Jihad against the United States.
A series of suicide bombings took place in Casablanca, Morocco killing 33 people. The bombers had links to al-Qaeda.
A car bomb outside the Marriot Hotel in Jakarta, Indonesia exploded killing 12 and injuring 150. The bomb was planted by militants loyal to al-Qaeda.
A truck loaded with explosives was driven into the UN headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq. 23 people were killed and 100 wounded.
Four truck bombs exploded in Istanbul, Turkey at the British consulate and HSBC headquarters killing 57 and injuring 700. The bombings were carried out by al-Qaeda.
Terrorist group ASG bombed the SuperFerry 14 in the Philippines. 116 people lost their lives.
Ten bombs exploded on trains bound for Madrid killing 190 people and injuring 2000. The attacks were carried out by local extremists sympathetic to al-Qaeda. 193 people were killed and more than 2,000 injured.
This was a failed United States operation to remove extremists from Fallujah.
This battle saw the forces of the United States defeat Iraqi militants.
A terror attack in Khobar, Saudi Arabia, killed 22 and injured 25 people.
34 terrorists lay siege to a school in Beslan, Ossetia, Russia taking 1,100 pupils and teachers hostage. Russian forces stormed the school ending the siege. 334 people including 186 children were killed.
A car bomb exploded outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia killing 8 people and injuring 150. The attack was carried out by an Islamic extremist group linked to al-Qaeda and the Taliban.
This battle saw the forces of Iraq, United Kingdom and United States defeat al-Qaeda and Iraqi insurgents.
This battle saw the coalition forces hold Mosul against an attack by insurgents.
US forces pushed Al-Quaeda out of Western Iraq.
Four suicide bombers targeted the London Underground and a double-decker bus killing 52 people and injuring 700. The attackers were Islamic extremists sympathetic to al-Qaeda.
3 potential suicide bombers were killed by British and US forces in Baghdad.
US forces pushed Al-Quaeda out of Tal Afar.
Three explosions in Bali, Indonesia, killed 20 people and injured more than 100. The attacks were carried out by an extremist group sympathetic to al-Qaeda.
United States and Iraq forces managed to drive members of al-Qaeda in Iraq our of Ramadi.
War began in Somalia when Ethiopian troops, backed by the United States, went to Somalia to support the Somali government against the Islamic extremists that had taken over part of the country.
Two car bombs exploded in the Algerian capital, Algiers killing 33 people and injuring 162. The attacks were carried out by an Algerian al-Qaeda group.
This was an armed conflict between the forces of Lebanon and Islamist extremists. The four month conflict resulted in victory for the Lebanon.
US fores removed Iraqi insurgents from Diyala in Iraq.
A car bomb exploded outside the Danish embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan killing 8 people and injuring 24. The attack was carried out by al-Qaeda.
This battle began when a Taliban force attacked NATO troops. Although the Taliban broke through NATO troop defences they were eventually repulsed.
This was a long battle where the forces of Pakistan fought to free the Bajaur region of Pakistan from control of the Taliban. Although the Pakistan forces were successful in removing the Taliban and destroying the al-Qaeda command centre the leaders of both groups managed to escape.
An attack on the American Embassy in Yemen by Yemeni Islamic extremists killed 6 and injured 12 people.
Twelve shooting and bombing attacks were made on the city of Mumbai, India, killing 166 people and injuring more than 600. The attacks were carried out by Pakistani Islamic extremists.
Ethiopian troops withdrew from Somalia ending the conflict that had begun in 2006.
War began between Somali Government forces supported by the African Union peacekeeping troops and militant extremist Islamist groups in Somalia.
This was an armed operation carried out by Pakistan forces to free the north of Pakistan from Taliban control. The mission was successful and the region returned to government control.
Conflict began in Nigeria between the government and the Islamic extremist group Boko Haram.
This was a campaign by the Pakistan military to clear the Khyber Pass region of Taliban forces. The Pakistan military were successful.
Former US army major, Nidal Hasan, opened fire on the American military base killing 13 and injuring 30 people. Hasan was caught, tried and sentenced to death. Despite Hasan’s admission that he was acting as an Islamist, the United States have not officially recognised the shooting as an act of terror.
Islamic extremists attacked and captured Zinjibar, Yemen.
All United States forces, apart from a 10,800 force, withdrew from Iraq ending the war that had begun in 2003.
War began in Mali between the Mali government and Islamic extremists affiliated to al-Qaeda.
An attempt to rescue a British and Italian hostage in Sokoto, Nigeria, from Boko Haram, failed and the two men were murdered by their captors.
Islamist extremists attacked the United States diplomatic compound in Benghazi, Libya, killing the US Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and Sean Smith, Foreign Service Information Management Officer.
In Algeria, a group of extremists with links to al-Qaeda took hostage international workers at the Tigantourine gas facility. Algerian forces made an assault on the facility to break the crisis. 39 hostages lost their lives during the crisis.
Two brothers planted two bombs near the finish line of the marathon. 3 people died and 183 were injured.
Two car bombs exploded in Reyhanli, Turkey near the border with Syria killing 51 people and injuring 140. No group claimed responsibility for the attacks but it is believed they were carried out by members of ISIL.
Militant extremists were prevented from taking control of Latakia, Syria.
Armed gunmen began shooting people in the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya killing 67 people and injuring 175. The attacks were carried out by members of the Al-Shabaab extremist Islamic group.
Militant extremists were prevented from taking control of Latakia, Syria for the second time.
The government of the Puntland region in Somalia, drove al-Shabaab insurgents from the Galgala hills.
Nine countries – United States, United Kingdom, Turkey, Italy, Germany, France, Denmark, Canada and Australia agreed to support anti ISIL forces in Iraq and Syria with supplies and/or air support.
ISIL forces lay siege to Kobani in Syria. The city fell in October 2014.
The city of Baiji was taken from ISIL.
Gunmen affiliated with the Taliban attacked the army school in Peshawar, Pakistan killing 149 people of whom most were children, and injuring 114.
Two al-Qaeda terrorists stormed the offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris killing 11 people and injuring 11 more.
An extremist supporter of IS and friend of the perpetrators of the Charlie Hebdo attack, entered a kosher suprette in Porte de Vincennes and took the occupants hostage. 4 people were killed and 9 injured during the attack.
A number of gunmen affiliated to IS detonated a car bomb then entered the Corinthia Hotel in Tripoli, Libya. 10 people were killed in the attack.
Two separate shootings in Copenhagen, Denmark by Islamic extremists left 3 people dead and 5 injured.
Three IS extremists attacked the Bardo National Museum in Tunis, Tunisia and took people hostage. 24 people were killed and 50 injured.
Four IS suicide bomb attacks in Sana’a, Yemen killed 142 and injured 351 people.
Two terrorists opened fire at the Curtis Culwell Center in protest at cartoons of Mohammed. The two were killed by an off-duty police officer.
Main towns in western al-Hasakah region of Syria were freed from ISIL control.
A series of attacks in France, Kuwait, Syria, Somalia and Tunisia by IS and the Islamic extremist group Al-Shabaab, left more than 400 people dead and more than 330 injured.
In France several people were injured when an IS extremist beheaded his employer before driving a vehicle into a gas factory causing an explosion.
In Kuwait a suicide bomber with links to IS entered a mosque. The explosion killed 27 people and injured more than 225.
In Syria ISIL extremists attacked Kobani, Syria. Suicide bombs and shootings left 230 people dead.
In Somalia al-Shabaab extremists killed 70 soldiers
In Sousse, Tunisia a single gunman linked to IS shot tourists on the beach and in two hotels. 33 people died and 39 were injured.
Two suicide bombers with links to IS caused explosions in Beirut, Lebanon resulting in 43 deaths and 240 injured.
A number of extremists linked to IS made a number of attacks across the city of Paris, France. 130 people were killed and 370 injured.
A number of explosions occurred outside the Stade de France killing 1 person. A security guard had prevented the bomber from entering the Stadium
Shootings took place in the rue Bichat, the rud de la Fontaine au Roi, the Rue de Charonne and the boulevard Voltaire.
Three gunmen entered the Bataclan theatre and began killing occupants. Others were taken hostage until the gunmen were overpowered two hours later. 139 people were killed and 352 injured.
A number of Islamist extremists with links to al-Qaeda stormed the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako, Mali killing 22 and injuring 7.
14 people were killed and 22 injured after a couple opened fire on employees at the San Bernardino Inland Regional Center in California. The couple were killed by police four hours later.
A number of explosions and shootings happened near the Sarinah shopping mall in Jakarta, Indonesia carried out by extremists with links to ISIL. 8 people died and 24 were injured.
Suicide bombers with links IS attacked Brussels Airport and the metro in Brussels causing the deaths of 32 people and injuring 340.
A lone gunman opened fire on people at the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida. 49 people were killed and 53 injured.
5 militant extremists opened fire on the Holey Artisan Bakery and took hostages. 29 people were killed in the attack.
A lone extremist who was inspired by IS drove a truck into crowds in Nice France killing 86 people and injuring 202.
Two bombs exploded in Kabul, Afghanistan killing 97 and injuring 260 people.
An explosion in New York injured 29 people. The home made bomb was planted by an Islamist extremist. A second bomb was discovered before it exploded.
An extremist gunman killed 39 and injured 70 people in a nightclub in Istanbul Turkey.
A suicide bomber at the Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan killed 88 and injured 350 people.
An Islamic extremist drove a car at high speed into pedestrians on Westminster Bridge killing six people and injuring 49 others. After crashing the car into Westminster railings he left the vehicle brandishing a large knife and stabbed and killed PC Keith Palmer before he was shot dead.
14 people were killed and around 70 people injured when an Islamic extremist suicide bomber detonated explosives on the St Petersburg Metro.
An Islamic extremist from Uzbekistan drove a truck into a pedestrian shopping area and a department store in Stockholm, Sweden. Five people lost their lives in the attack.
An Islamic extremist suicide bomber detonated outside a Coptic church in Egypt. 16 people were killed and 66 injured in the attack.
An Islamic terrorist wielding an assault rifle shot and killed a policeman in the Champs Elysee, Paris, France. The terrorist was shot dead as he tried to escape the scene.
A lone suicide bomber detonated explosives in the foyer of Manchester Arena at the end of a concert by US singer Ariana Grande. 22 people, including children, were killed and 116 injured.
Eight people died and 48 were injured in a terror attack that began with a white van hitting pedestrians on London Bridge. Three men armed with knives got out of the van and began randomly stabbing people in nearby Borough Market. All three were shot dead by police.
ISIL extremists attacked the Iranian Parliament building and the Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini in Tehran, Iran. 18 people were killed and 52 injured.
One person was killed and 11 injured when a Welsh man drove a hire van into Muslims leaving the Finsbury Park mosque in London in the early hours of the morning. The attack was declared a terror attack on the Muslim population.
A car containing a rifle, guns and gas deliberately crashed into a police van in the Champs Elysee, Paris, France and burst into flames. The only casualty was the driver who was killed.
Coalition forces liberated Mosul from ISIS control.
Three people were killed and three injured when a knife man stabbed tourists in Hurghada, Egypt.
One person was killed and six injured when a failed Islamist asylum seeker stabbed people in a shop in Hamburg.
15 people were killed and around 130 injured after a van was deliberately driven into crowds in the Las Ramblas region of Barcelona in Spain. A few hours later a car was driven into pedestrians in the Spanish town of Cambrils injuring 7 people. Five suspects were shot dead in Cambrils.
2 people were killed and 8 injured after being stabbed by a knife wielding terrorist in Turku, Finland. The terrorist was shot in the leg and detained by police.
Pakistani forces succeeded in returning the region to government control.
30 people were injured when a botched bomb exploded at Parsons Green Station, London, UK. The bomb had been planted by an 18 year old Iraqi refugee.
Two women were killed in Marseilles France by a knife-wielding illegal immigrant from Tunisia.
A truck packed with explosives detonated in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing around 275 and injuring more than 300 people.
The city of Raqqa in Syria was liberated from ISIL forces who had used the city as its headquarters in Syria.
A truck was driven into people in Lower Manhattan, New York killing at least 8 people and injuring at least 12.
Around 40 gunmen burst into the mosque during prayers and opened fire. 311 people were killed and 122 injured.
Pro-Syrian forces removed ISIL from eastern Syria.
Four people were killed and fifteen injured when an Islamic terrorist ran riot in the French towns of Carcasonne and Trebes with a knife and a gun.
One person was killed and four injured after being stabbed in Paris, France by a knife wielding-immigrant.
Four people were killed and four injured after a prisoner on leave ran amok in Lieges, Belgium with a knife and a gun.
Two American tourists were injured in Amsterdam Central Station by an Afghan teenager.
A gunman shot and killed 3 people and left 12 more seriously injured in a Christmas market in Strasbourg.
Members of a Jihadist group placed suicide bombers in churches and hotels in Colombo. 259 people were killed and more than 500 injured.
First published 2016; Updated and republished Sept 18 2020 @ 6:35 pm – Updated – [last-modified]
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2016 – 2020). War on Terror 2001 – Present. https://www.thetimelinegeek.com/war-on-terror-2001-present. Last accessed [date]