Born – 12th June 1929
Died – February 1945
Father – Otto Frank (1889 – 1980)
Mother – Edith Frank (1900 – 1945)
Spouse – Not married
Children – No children
1929 (12th June)
Anne Frank was born Annelies Marie Frank in Frankfurt, Germany to Otto and Edith Frank. She was the Frank’s second daughter, her sister Margot had been born three years earlier.
1933 (30th January)
Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.
1933 (13th March)
The Nazi Party were elected to the Frankfurt local government. They immediately imposed anti-Jewish measures.
Anne, Margot and their mother, Edith, left Frankfurt and went to Aachen to stay with Edith’s mother.
Otto Frank started a new company, the Opekta Works, in Amsterdam, a subsidiary of a company his brother-in-law worked for.
Anne, Margot and Edith Frank joined Otto in Amsterdam. The family lived in the Merwedeplain area of Amsterdam.
Anne’s father, Otto, started a second company in Amsterdam, Pectacon, a wholesale company selling spices used in the production of sausages. He employed Hermann van Pels as an advisor.
Anne’s grandmother Rosa came from Aachen to live with the family.
1939 (1st September)
Germany invaded Poland.
1939 (3rd September)
Britain and France declared war on Germany beginning World War Two.
1940 (10th May)
Germany invaded the Netherlands.
1941 (8th January)
Dutch Jews were told that they could not go to the movies. Anne was upset because she liked watching movies and dreamed of being an actress.
Anne’s grandmother Rosa died.
1942 (12th June)
Anne was given a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
1942 (5th July)
Anne’s sister, Margot received deportation papers demanding that she go to a labour camp in Germany.
1942 (6th July)
The Frank family went into hiding in a Secret Annex above Otto Frank’s offices. Employees Miep Gies, Victor Kugler, Johannes Kleiman and Bep Voskujl were the only employees that knew the family were hiding above the premises.
1942 (13th July)
The Van Pels family, Hermann, Auguste and Peter joined the Frank family in the Secret Annex. Anne referred to them as the Van Daans.
1942 (16th November)
Fritz Pfeffer, a dentist, joined the Franks and Van Pelses in the Secret Annex. Anne referred to him as Albert Dussel.
1944 (5th April)
Anne Frank continued to write in her diary regularly, describing things that happened in the Secret Annex. She also decided that she wanted to become a journalist.
1944 (4th August)
Following an anonymous tip off, the Secret Annex was raided. All occupants were arrested and sent to the Westerbork transit camp. Miep Gies found Anne’s diary among papers left on the floor of the Annex.
1944 (3rd September )
The Franks, Van Pelses and Fritz Pfeffer were taken to Auschwitz. The train they were in was the last to leave Westerbork transit camp. The journey east took two days.
1944 (1st November)
Anne, Margot and Mrs Pels were taken from Auschwitz to Bergen Belsen.
1945 6th January)
Anne’s mother died in Auschwitz.
1945 (27th January)
Anne’s father, Otto, was liberated from Auschwitz. He was taken to Odessa.
Anne’s sister Margot died of Typhus.
Anne died of Typhus soon after her sister.
1945 (15th April)
Bergen Belsen Camp was liberated by the British.
1945 (30th April)
Adolf Hitler committed suicide in Berlin.
1945 (7th May)
Germany surrendered and the war in Europe was over.
1945 (3rd June)
Otto Frank returned to Amsterdam and sought out Miep and Jan Gies who had helped the families in the Secret Annex.
1945 (24th October)
Otto Frank received a letter stating his daughters had died. Miep Gies gave Otto Anne’s diary that she had been keeping for her return.
1947 (25th June)
Anne’s diary was published.
First published 2016; updated and re-published Oct 18 2021 @ 10:20 am – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2016 – 2021). Anne Frank (1929-1945) Timeline.